Tainan Art History
Caption: Liao Chi-Chun, Market, from the catalogue of the 3rd Taiten (Taiwan Art Exhibition).
This painting by Liao Chi-Chun (1902-1976) was selected into Yoga (Western-style painting) Division of the 3rd Taiten (Taiwan Art Exhibition). It depicts a scene of the old East Market in Tainan. The tree at the center divides the composition into two, giving the painting modern characteristics that sets it apart from the traditional painting style. In the background, the artist delineates market vendors and a dense crowd. On the right are locals going into the market. The entire painting is constituted of curvy lines and heavy brushstrokes, showing a lively air and a tendency towards Fauvism. During the period of Japanese rule, the Tainan Prefectural Government founded the East Market at Yuan Hui Jing (元會境; otherwise known as Yue-Di Temple Street [岳帝廟街]), which was Tainan’s second modernized public market. In 1925, Liao Chi-Chun, Chen Cheng-Po (陳澄波; 1895-1947) founded the Red Sun Western-style Painting Society (赤陽洋畫會; otherwise translated as “Red Sun Association”) and organized exhibitions of the society. They introduced different Western painting movements, such as Impressionism, Fauvism, Abstractionism, and mainly portrayed the local color with plein-air expression. After the war, Liao encouraged their students to establish the Fifth Moon Art Group (五月畫會), and has been considered a great contributor to the Taiwanese art world.
作者不詳，〈第三回臺灣美術展覽會 入選作品發表さる 東洋畫二十九點、西洋畫七十六點 目覺ましい本島人側の進出〉，《臺灣日日新報》夕刊2版（1929年11月13日）。
Shih, Rocky, and Liu Chia-Jung. “Liao Chi-Chun: Delineation of Taiwanese Native Sentiments in a Semi-figurative and Semi-abstract Style.” Art Emperor, 2017. https://artemperor.tw/focus/1819 (Viewed on 2023.8.15).
Unknown author. “The 3rd Taiten Announces Selected Works. Twenty-nine Japanese-style Paintings and Seventy-six Western-style Paintings. The Locals Have Shown Much Progress.” Taiwan Daily News, evening edition, section 2 (1929.11.13).
Lee, Shu-Pei. “A Study of Landscapes of Tainan in the Catalogues of the Taiten and the Futen during the Period of Japanese Rule.” The 2022 NCAF Visual Arts Grant for Study and Research – 2nd Phase, 2023.
Liu, Chi-Yu. “Liao Chi-Chun．Market.” Missing Pieces: Taifuten Historical Archives. https://taifuten.com/oblect/市場/#squelch-taas-toggle-shortcode-content-2 (Viewed on 2023.8.15).