Tainan Art History
Caption: Huang Ching-Shan, Ship of Southern Country, 1941, from the catalogue of the 4th Futen (Taiwan Viceroy Art Exhibition).
This work by Huang Ching-Shan (1907-2005) was selected into the Toyoga (Japanese-style Painting) Division of the 4th Futen (Taiwan Viceroy Art Exhibition) in 1941. It depicts a view of Anping Port. The boat in the middle ground divides the image into three parts. The boat in the foreground is the first focal point. Japanese called this type of boat “Junk” (戎克船), which was used for trade and commerce between Taiwan and mainland China during the period of Japanese rule. On the boat, people are resting and conversing. The building in the background should be the Tainan Shuixian Temple (三郊水仙宮), and the artist also depicts locals resting by the temple. The palette of the painting is in a light tone, and the overall image creates a sense of leisure in the everyday life. The Japanese colonial government developed and built the Kaohsiung Port and Taichung Port, and Anping Port also gradually lost its importance due to sedimentation. In this image, Anping Port did not have many modern facilities and there were only a few boats. During the period of Japanese rule, Huang founded the Ching-Shan Studio (靜山畫室), and joined the Chun-Meng Painting Society (春萌畫會). After the war, he also served as a juror in the Tainan Fine Arts Exhibition (臺南美展) several times, and organized the Tainan Chinese Painting Research Association (臺南市國畫研究會), which presented multiple group exhibitions. (Peng Wei-Chen)
Liu, Yu-Chi. “Ship of Southern Country.” Missing Pieces: Taifuten Historical Archives. https://taifuten.com/oblect/南國之船/#squelch-taas-toggle-shortcode-content-2 (Viewed on 2023.8.15).